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Prostate Cancer Radiation

 

The prostate is a walnut sized gland and is located in the lower part of the intestine. This male gland gets infected with malignant cells and develops cancer in itself. There are several treatments for prostate cancer and those treatments depend on the age of the patient and the stage of the cancer. Considering all relevant conditions, the doctors can choose from any of the four types of prostate cancer treatments  

  • Surgery 
  • Radiation therapy where they use rays that will kill the cancer cells 
  • Hormonal therapy  
  • Combination of the hormonal and radiation therapy.

Read ahead to know in detail about radiation therapy that helps in treating prostate cancer -  

  

External beam Radiation 

 

Radiation is one of the prostate cancer treatments where the radiation destroys the cancer cells and also diminishes the size of the existing tumors. The administration of radiation can be done externally or internally. In case of an external radiation therapy the doctor uses a machine that generates the high energy rays on the cancer cells. This X-ray beam destroys those cancerous cells that have plagued the prostate. The position of the radiation beam is changed at regular intervals so that the rays can enter from different angles and exercise their optimal effect.  

 

Course of radiation therapy

  

The schedule for the radiation therapy is envisaged and planned by the therapist. First is the simulation process where the target area is spotted. An outline is marked on the place through which the ray has to enter the body. Then the CAT scan of the patient is studied carefully. The oncologist considers the recorded observations and decides the dosage of the radiation suitable for the patient. Once the treatment gets scheduled the treatment is pursued on a daily basis. Each sitting approximately takes about twenty to thirty minutes. The patient changes to the therapy gown and takes the radiation in a suitable posture. The posture is important so that radiation beam gets focused over the affected organ without any obstruction. The patient should not move and lie still with normal breathing. Once the treatment is over the therapist helps the patient to climb down the therapy table. 

The doctor, after each sitting, discusses the treatment’s progress with the patient.  

 

Once these radiations are over, oncologist reviews patient’s condition to decide need of any further treatment.  

 

Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapy - Dos and Don’ts: 

  • Don’t scratch or wash off the marked areas on skin. These marks act as references points for beaming the radiations accurately. 
  • Do eat a healthy and nutritious diet to maintain body’s energy level. 
  • Do take care of body’s hygiene. Keep the treated area clean and dry. 
  • Don’t wear tight and synthetic clothes before, during or after radiation sessions. This may result in discomfort. 
  • Don’t use ice-pack or hot-water bottle over treated area.  
  • Don’t stress or overexert yourself. Adjust your routine to give yourself adequate rest. 
  • Do pursue the follow up sessions and post-therapy sessions. Consult doctor regularly to ensure smooth recuperation.
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