cancer affects the cervix which is supposed to be the entrance of the uterus. This cancer commonly affects
women over the age of 30. Cervix is the lower part of the uterus and is also referred as the neck of the
womb. Some of the common symptoms of this cancer include bleeding other than periods, vaginal discharge, pain
in the pelvic region, bleeding during sexual intercourse and so on. Cervical cancer is mainly caused by a
virus called Human Papilloma that is transmitted sexually. Women having sex with multiple men could be prone
to this virus. Multiple pregnancies, conceiving at an early age; and prolonged use of contraceptive pills
have been identified as some of the main cause for this cancer.
When the cancer is in its
initial stages surgery is all that is enough to remove the cancerous tumour from the cervix. However, in most
cases, the patient is diagnosed with this deadly disease only in the later stages. Under such conditions
surgical treatment is combined with radiation therapy for better results.
radiation therapy is done in
conjunction with the chemotherapy as well as the surgery. The choice of the treatment depends completely on
the extent of the malignancy of cervical cells. Cervical cancer
radiation involves the use of strong X-rays that are beamed on the cancer to destroy their DNA. After
this treatment, the cancerous cells are completely disabled thus losing their power of multiplication. This
stops the alarming proliferation of the cancerous cells in cervical.
therapy is advised to patients when the cervical cancer has spread beyond their pelvis, or when the symptoms
of malignancy start resurfacing post surgery. Following are the two types of radiation therapies –
radiation therapy –
This type of radiation therapy utilises a device that is full of radioactive material. The device is then
placed inside patient’s vagina to remain next to the cervical cancer.
radiation therapy –
In this therapy, strong radiation beams are focused over affected area to burn out the malignant cells.
Rate (HDR) brachytherapy is a form of internal radiation therapy. This radiation technique is precise and
accurate for sensitive organ like cervix that is closely located near rectum and bladder. HDR brachytherapy
beams radiation in the tumour with minimal exposure to adjoining healthy cells and tissue.
the benefits of HDR Brachytherapy are –
is a near-accurate cervical cancer
involves procedure of few minutes.
specifically targets the cervix with complete control over intensity and location of radiation.
eliminates any chances of exposure of healthy cervical tissue to radiations along with associated side
Radiation Therapy Side
Radiation therapy is a
convenient and an effective cervical cancer treatment. However
it’s not free from side effects. The patient may experience minor side effects in the form of nausea,
diarrhoea, irregular menstrual cycles, irritation in the bladder region, stomach disorders and early
menopause. However most of the side effects are controlled with the help of medications, as prescribed by the