cancer affects as many as 216000 women every year across the globe. Though the exact cause for the cancer is
still unknown, there have been several studies going on for finding a pertinent treatment procedure for this
deadly disease. Breast cancer treatment can be done through
radiation therapy. This has been the most effective method of breast
cancer treatment that destroys the cancer cells and reduces the risk of the cancer’s reoccurrence.
Radiation therapy is given to
the patient once the lumpectomy or the mastectomy has been done on the breasts. This is done to ensure that all the cancer cells around the affected area
are completely burnt, thus avoiding their proliferation. This will also ensure that there is no reoccurrence
of the cancerous cells in that area. The radiation therapy is a form of breast cancer treatment that is administered after few weeks of mastectomy
surgery. This time gap is maintained so that the wounds of the surgery get completely
The main objective of
radiation therapy is to remove the cancerous cell by burning them instead of cutting them. If the breast
tumour is made up of cancerous and non-cancerous cells both, the radiation tends to destruct more of
non-cancerous cells than cancerous cells.
Procedure of Breast Cancer
On the day of the
radiation therapy the patient is escorted to the radiation
room. The patient is made to sit in a comfortable posture so that radiations get easily directed towards the
affected area. After this the therapist leaves the room. The
radiation oncologist sits in another room and observes the patient through the various cameras and videos
present in the treatment room. As a part of the treatment procedure the patient is asked to remain unmoving
so that the radiation is done precisely.
One of the positive features
of breast cancer radiation therapy is that the patients do not
feel any kind of pain at all. Moreover, none of the machines or any other devices touch any body part of the
patient. The oncologist asks patient to change the postures repeatedly so that radiation gets beamed
effectively over the affected area. The advanced radiation machines help the oncologist in gauging the
correct posture of the patient thus facilitating the radiation process over precise affected
Side Effects of Radiation
Since the radiation treatment
involves passing of strong X-rays through skin, there can be few minor side effects in the form of swollen
skin, skin becoming tender, excessive hair loss and lack of perspiration. However, these side effects tend to
subside over a period of 4 to 6 weeks. Some other side effects that may be surface in the long run are
darkening of skin, enlargement of breast pores, increased sensitivity of skin, changing of the breast size
and so on.
Despite the associated side
effects, the success rate of radiation therapy for breast cancer patients is impressive. This effectual
treatment has enabled many patients to survive this deadly disease.